Birding in Baluran, Serangan and Kerandangan

Our adventurous birding this time (25 October – 02 November 2016) is more like a country road, across the “African van Java” of Baluran then Waterbirds-paradise of Serangan (Bali) to the Home for Trio endemics Lesser Sunda (Rinjani Scops Owl, Elegant Pitta & Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher) at Kerandangan Nature Recreation Park, Lombok.

With six people in the car we drove starting at night from Malang. During on the car we spent the time to sleep, save our energy. Our first destination was Kerandangan NRP, but we firstly stayed for take a rest at Baluran NP in day-one morning. While sun rising we heard several Large-tailed Nightjars behind the trees at north direction to Bekol savannah. Then Javan Kingfisher sing at perch on top canopy, while the pairs of Scarlet-headed Flowerpeckers flew from one branch to other. Slowly the first sun for Java is getting warm and high. After a welcome rest in Baluran, we continued to drive to Gilimanuk and directly we got a ferry across Bali. We still able to seen Striated Swallow and Pacific Swift fly around the harbor. Below the bridge which connected ferry with port are the nest for that birds. While the ferry start to across Bali strait, we move to the roof looking for migratory raptor. But we are not lucky because may the birds has move into Bali last week. Luckily we still able to see Greater Crested Tern and Little Tern, fly across the strait and occasionally flopped to the sea.

Arrived in Bali at noon then we continue to Serangan while waiting night come for cross to Lombok, mark time to birding in waterbirds-paradise. We scoped from the roadside which upper then the mangrove switch to the south into tidal area, a bay layered by sand-flat where the birds remain. We seen many species such as Sacred Kingfisher, Cormorants; Little Pied & Little Black, Egrets; Great, Intermediate & Little, Plovers; Javan, Little Ringed, Lesser Sand, Greater Sand & Grey, Common Sandpiper, Common Greenshank, Common Redshank, Whimbrel, Eurasian and Far Eastern Curlew, Bar-tailed Godwit, Beach Stone-curlew, Red-necked Stint and many more.

Before the dusk we transferred to a different area and finally scored with a good performance from couples Sunda Teal and Cerulean Kingfisher fly away in front of us. Closing for the day then at night we continue the journey drive into Padang bay port for crossing to Lombok. The next morning we arrived at Lembar Port, welcomed by beautiful scenery of a beach covered with thin mist with hills and top of Mt. Rinjani for the background, quiet waves like a carpet, and slowly the sun rising then burns the horizon and morning skies. Kerandangan Nature Recreation Park, a lowland forest surrounded by hills and crossed with river flow from hills at the east to the west. Finally we arrived at noon, then tried our luck to Elegant Pitta around the campground. Sadly we only heard the song from many directions, it was hard to find this bird because the green upper-part and yellowish lower-part blending into the lush. We hung around until dark and after some patient waiting we enjoyed superb views of a Rinjani Scops Owl right overhead. It is easy to recognize by the song and the way it flies above us until perched ten meters from the ground.

In the morning we split into two groups, first went to Nipah hill for migratory raptors. the rest group birding in the area for Elegant Pitta and other birds. Nipah hill was like a short peninsula extending to the west, like a west-end Lombok Island. Large open area so we can scoped 360 degrees and wait until the Raptor passes by. Coming from the Bali head to the east, right in front of us.

With several minutes after arrived we seen the raptor such as Oriental-honey Buzzard, Chinese Sparrowhawk and Japanese Sparrowhawk flashed on the side of us, sometimes they fly above us closely or below with sea for the background. Before we finished a single Western Osprey fly and glided to the east to end the birding. While in Krandangan, we also attended the “7th Pertemuan Pengamat Burung Indonesia (7th Annual Gathering Indonesian Birder)” with about 70 birders from Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, Bali and Nusa Tenggara. We discussed our activities last year. The main focus of discussion was about the progress of the Indonesian Bird Atlas in which citizen science is the motor movement.

At the Kerandangan trail head to the waterfall, we seen various resident birds such as Wallacean Drongo are being brood in the treetops near the river, a pair Orange-footed Scrubfowl, Rufous-chested Flycatcher, and Black-naped Monarch. At night around the camp we also found Red-legged Crake perched behind the bushes. Next we return to the Serangan, completing the list of waterbirds and residents. It starts early in the day at the west form of mangrove areas with stagnant water tidal we seen Sunda Teal in a group of about almost hundreds and at the sand-flat we seen such as White-tailed Tropicbird, Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Asian Dowitcher among the shorebirds and terns. In the afternoon we finished birding and went back across Java. The next day we arrived at Baluran NP, during the day we headed to Evergreen for Red Junglefowl, Javan-banded Pitta and Oriental-dwarf Kingfisher. On the roadside Batangan-Bekol near the bridge Curah-Uling a pair of Red Junglefowl located on the forest floor. Foraging by scavenging foliage. Occasionally crowing behind thick Evergreen trees. A single Oriental-dwarf Kingfisher flies around the dry river then perches on the Lianas. We missed the Javan Banded Pitta.

In the early afternoon we continued toward Savana Bekol, a dry grassland with trees interluding. We waited for a group of Javan Deer and Water Buffalo as they were attractive to the group of Black-winged Starling. This bird follows by riding on the back to a group of Javan Deer, occasionally dropping to the ground. In the surroundings a single male Green Peafowl pecking from the ground. Females Green Peafowl are away across the savannah. On the last day we went back again to Evergreen for the Javan Banded Pitta in the morning when the birds were still actively singing as well as more chances to see it. From behind the trees these birds appear on the forest floor. Before we returned, from a distance of about 300 meters headed to the Batangan we saw the adult Javan Leopard follow the roadside. We have not had time to approach, because it disturbed by visitors coming from the direction of Batangan. Javan Leopard ends our birding trip that is fairly strenuous but still delightful. Participants: Swiss Winasis BP., Ahmad Yanuar, Arif Budiawan, Nurdin Setio Budi, Imam Taufiqqurahman, Waskito Kukuh W.

Systematic List:

  1. Sunda Teal | Anas gibberifrons
  2. Orange-footed Scrubfowl | Megapodius reinwardt
  3. Green Junglefowl | Gallus varius
  4. Red Junglefowl | Gallus gallus
  5. Green Peafowl | Pavo muticus
  6. Australasian Grebe | Tachybaptus novaehollandiae
  7. White-tailed Tropicbird | Phaethon lepturus lepturus
  8. Black-crowned Night Heron | Nycticorax nycticorax
  9. Striated Heron | Butorides striata
  10. Javan Pond Heron | Ardeola speciosa
  11. Eastern Cattle Egret | Bubulcus coromandus
  12. Grey Heron | Ardea cinerea
  13. Purple Heron | Ardea purpurea
  14. Great Egret | Ardea alba
  15. Intermediate Egret | Egretta intermedia
  16. Little Egret | Egretta garzetta
  17. Pacific Reef Heron | Egretta sacra
  18. Little Pied Cormorant | Microcarbo melanoleucos
  19. Little Black Cormorant | Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
  20. Western Osprey | Pandion haliaetus
  21. Crested Honey Buzzard | Pernis ptilorhynchus
  22. Crested Serpent Eagle | Spilornis cheela
  23. Chinese Sparrowhawk | Accipiter soloensis
  24. Japanese Sparrowhawk | Accipiter gularis
  25. Red-legged Crake | Rallina fasciata
  26. White-breasted Waterhen | Amaurornis phoenicurus
  27. Barred Buttonquail | Turnix suscitator
  28. Beach Stone-curlew | Esacus magnirostris
  29. White-headed Stilt | Himantopus leucocephalus
  30. Pacific Golden Plover | Pluvialis fulva
  31. Grey Plover | Pluvialis squatarola
  32. Little Ringed Plover | Charadrius dubius
  33. Javan Plover | Charadrius javanicus
  34. Lesser Sand Plover | Charadrius mongolus
  35. Greater Sand Plover | Charadrius leschenaultii
  36. Oriental Plover | Charadrius veredus
  37. Asian Dowitcher | Limnodromus semipalmatus
  38. Black-tailed Godwit | Limosa limosa
  39. Bar-tailed Godwit | Limosa lapponica
  40. Whimbrel | Numenius phaeopus
  41. Eurasian Curlew | Numenius arquata
  42. Far Eastern Curlew | Numenius madagascariensis
  43. Common Redshank | Tringa totanus
  44. Common Greenshank | Tringa nebularia
  45. Grey-tailed Tattler | Tringa brevipes
  46. Common Sandpiper | Actitis hypoleucos
  47. Ruddy Turnstone | Arenaria interpres
  48. Great Knot | Calidris tenuirostris
  49. Red-necked Stint | Calidris ruficollis
  50. Long-toed Stint | Calidris subminuta
  51. Sharp-tailed Sandpiper | Calidris acuminata
  52. Curlew Sandpiper | Calidris ferruginea
  53. Gull-billed Tern | Gelochelidon nilotica
  54. Greater Crested Tern | Thalasseus bergii
  55. Lesser Crested Tern | Thalasseus bengalensis
  56. Little Tern | Sternula albifrons
  57. Common Tern | Sterna hirundo
  58. Whiskered Tern | Chlidonias hybrida
  59. White-winged Tern | Chlidonias leucopterus
  60. Island Collared Dove | Streptopelia bitorquata
  61. Spotted Dove | Spilopelia chinensis
  62. Common Emerald Dove | Chalcophaps indica
  63. Zebra Dove | Geopelia striata
  64. Pink-necked Green Pigeon | Treron vernans
  65. Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon | Treron griseicauda
  66. Rusty-breasted Cuckoo | Cacomantis sepulcralis
  67. Sunda Scops Owl | Otus lempiji | Heard Only
  68. Rinjani Scops Owl | Otus jolandae
  69. Spotted Wood Owl | Strix seloputo | Heard Only
  70. Large-tailed Nightjar | Caprimulgus macrurus | Heard Only
  71. Savanna Nightjar | Caprimulgus affinis
  72. Grey-rumped Treeswift | Hemiprocne longipennis
  73. Cave Swiftlet | Collocalia linchi
  74. Pacific Swift | Apus pacificus
  75. Javan Kingfisher | Halcyon cyanoventris
  76. Collared Kingfisher | Todiramphus chloris
  77. Sacred Kingfisher | Todiramphus sanctus
  78. Cerulean Kingfisher | Alcedo coerulescens
  79. Blue-eared Kingfisher | Alcedo meninting
  80. Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher | Ceyx erithaca
  81. Blue-tailed Bee-eater | Merops philippinus
  82. Oriental Pied Hornbill | Anthracoceros albirostris
  83. Flame-fronted Barbet | Psilopogon armillaris
  84. Yellow-eared Barbet | Psilopogon australis
  85. Freckle-breasted Woodpecker | Dendrocopos analis
  86. Yellow-throated Hanging Parrot | Loriculus pusillus
  87. Javan Banded Pitta | Hydrornis guajanus
  88. Elegant Pitta | Pitta elegans | Heard Only
  89. Indonesian Honeyeater | Lichmera limbata
  90. Golden-bellied Gerygone | Gerygone sulphurea
  91. White-breasted Woodswallow | Artamus leucorynchus
  92. Common Iora | Aegithina tiphia
  93. Long-tailed Shrike | Lanius schach
  94. Black Drongo | Dicrurus macrocercus
  95. Ashy Drongo | Dicrurus leucophaeus
  96. Wallacean Drongo | Dicrurus densus
  97. Malaysian Pied Fantail | Rhipidura javanica
  98. Black-naped Monarch | Hypothymis azurea
  99. Racket-tailed Treepie | Crypsirina temia
  100. Slender-billed Crow | Corvus enca
  101. Sooty-headed Bulbul | Pycnonotus aurigaster
  102. Yellow-vented Bulbul | Pycnonotus goiavier
  103. Barn Swallow | Hirundo rustica
  104. Pacific Swallow | Hirundo tahitica
  105. Striated Swallow | Cecropis striolata
  106. Common Tailorbird | Orthotomus sutorius | Heard Only
  107. Ashy Tailorbird | Orthotomus ruficeps | Heard Only
  108. Horsfield’s Babbler | Malacocincla sepiaria | Heard Only
  109. Oriental White-eye | Zosterops palpebrosus
  110. Javan Myna | Acridotheres javanicus
  111. Black-winged Starling | Acridotheres melanopterus
  112. Rufous-chested Flycatcher | Ficedula dumetoria
  113. Blue-cheeked Flowerpecker | Dicaeum maugei
  114. Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker | Dicaeum trochileum
  115. Brown-throated Sunbird | Anthreptes malacensis
  116. Olive-backed Sunbird | Cinnyris jugularis
  117. Eurasian Tree Sparrow | Passer montanus
  118. Javan Munia | Lonchura leucogastroides
  119. Scaly-breasted Munia | Lonchura punctulata
  120. Paddyfield Pipit | Anthus rufulus


1. Water Buffalo | Bubalus bubalis

2. Timor Deer | Rusa timorensis

3. Javan Leopard | Panthera pardus melas

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