Birding in Cangar Hot Spring with Friend from England

We have been visited by friends from England during his research in Java, Indonesia. He accompanied by local teams drove to our base-camp in Batu city, East Java. Suddenly the next day (July 7th 2018) we went to the Cangar hot spring part of Tahura R. Soeryo, indeed for birding!

With 9 people in the group, we started looking at the birds around the Cangar hot spring. The weather was so good and very cool for us, but not for Harry.

Any tourist attractions would be visited by many visitors. We also experienced that condition on that day. So we tried to hike in a jungle track behind the hot spring.

The length of the circular track is about 1 Km, with a fairly steep incline at the beginning and before half the length of the track.

We stopped for a while in front of a Japanese cave, scanned all directions and paid attention to every movement of leaves or twigs, hoping there was a bird behind the movement.

The pace of the trip was so dynamic, at the beginning we just saw a few bird species then after leaving the Japanese cave, we were stopped by a mix flocks. Then when we are at the half of the track, the birds become low again until the end of the track.

One of 4 Javan Yellownapes in Cangar Hot Spring

Orange-breasted Trogon was the main target for Harry, but only 3 of us successfully encountered it and made Harry Jealous.

This happened when I invited Harry and 5 other friends to chase the bird’s sounds, while three other friends waited on the main track. When we were near the source of the sounds, the bird even went out to near 3 of our friends.

Highlights of the day were:

1. Four individuals Javan Yellownape Chrysophlegma mentale.

– Saw around Japanese Cave, possibly 2 young and a pair of adults.

2. Pink-headed Fruit-dove Ptilinopus porphyreus

Single female bird near the Japanese Cave

3. Black-banded Barbet

Single bird near the Japanese Cave and 2 before half of the jungle track.

The rest of bird-list is below.

I invited the groups for lunch in Sendi, to taste local food called Nasi Jagung (corn rice) equipped with salted fish, tofu, tempe, water spinach and sambal. Then we moved to jembatan Cangar (Twin Bridge) for dessert, which was Tape Ketan (fermented black sticky rice).

Black-banded Barbet, endemic for Java

While we enjoyed the dessert, we waited for the Javan Hawk-eagle. Sadly the birds was not shown, only a single male White-flanked Sunbird seen by me.

At around 2.30 pm, we agreed to finish the trip and head back home.

Although birding this time was quite chaotic, at least Harry got 3-4 lifers and enjoyed the birding and also the food on the sidelines of his research.

Bird List of Cangar Hot Spring – July 7th 2018

No.English NameScientific Name
1.Sooty-headed BulbulPycnonotus aurigaster
2.Eastern Spotted DoveSpilopelia chinensis
3.Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach
4.Javan Grey-throated White-eyeHeleia javanica
5.Lesser ShortwingBrachypteryx leucophris
6.Horsfield’s BabblerMalacocincla sepiaria
7.Ashy DrongoDicrurus leucophaeus
8.Sunda CuckooshrikeCoracina larvata
9.Javan YellownapeChrysophlegma mentale
10.Pink-headed Fruit-dovePtilinopus porphyreus
11.Cave SwiftletCollocalia linchi
12.Flame-fronted BarbetPsilopogon armillaris
13.Black-banded BarbetPsilopogon javensis
14.Javan WarblerPhylloscopus grammiceps
15.Javan BulbulIxos virescens
16.Javan Whistling-thrushMyophonus glaucinus
17.Ruddy Cuckoo-doveMacropygia emiliana
18.Javan Banded PittaHydrornis guajanus
19.Orange-breasted TrogonHarpactes oreskios
20.White-bellied FantailRhipidura euryura
21.Little Pied FlycatcherFicedula westermanni
22.Indigo FlycatcherEumyias indigo
23.Sunda MinivetPericrocotus miniatus
24.Blue NuthatchSitta azurea

Bima, Sumbawa Island

Birding in part of Lesser Sunda archipelago that many people, even Indonesian, are still confused with Sumbawa and Sumba, it’s a totally different island!. It lies adjacent to Lombok and west-north of Sumba. Bima is the eastern part of Sumbawa island.

Duration to birding: 3-4 Days.

There are three birding spots to clean up bird list on the Bima area:

1. Madapangga Nature Reserve

TWA Madapangga is located in the west of Bima city with a distance of about 45 Km or takes about 1 hour drive by car. The area of 232 Hectares is administratively in the village of Ndano, Bolo sub-district, Bima district, West Nusa Tenggara Province.

This nature park is a source of water for the dryness of the surrounding area. Residents around the area are very dependent on the river and its springs. In the morning and evening could meet with residents who bathe or wash clothes in the river that is located exactly on the road which connects Bima with Sumbawa city. The topography of this location is generally hilly with a slope of 15 – 40 degrees, only a small part is a relatively flat area with varying heights from 200 to 600 m above sea level.

Birding spots are relatively easy to reach, such as following the loop-track of the camping ground, around the river, and garden of the pool. We tried all those spots while we were there. Elegant Pitta, White-rumped Kingfisher, and Flame-breasted Sunbird are the icons for the area.

2. Degradated forest around Kaowa village

Kaowa, Lambitu, Bima, Sumbawa island

Flores Hawk-eagle often recorded here. Lambitu sub-district 2 hours heading to the east of central Bima city. In this hilly village is widely used as a garden or farm area by residents with the rest of the monsoon forest on each hilltop. Birding spots are located around the village water springs and the edge of forests after farm areas close enough to residents’ houses.

3. Sape

Located at eastern-coast of Bima city, take to 1 hours and 30 minutes (50 Km) drive time from city center. The habitat for looking birds in Sape is around river with dense vegetation. Perfect for looking at Nusa Tenggara Paradise Flycatcher. Also around coastline for waterbirds.

Transportation and Accomodation

Birding will be easy especially to reach the birding spot in Bima by hiring a car that is available in Bima city. We recommend staying in Hotel around in Bima city since the birding spot is not far enough.

No.English NameScientific Name
1.Orange-footed ScrubfowlMegapodius reinwardt
2.Asian Blue QuailSynoicus chinensis
3.Red JunglefowlGallus gallus
4.Green JunglefowlGallus varius
5.Wandering Whistling-duckDendrocygna arcuata
6.Lesser Whistling-duckDendrocygna javanica
7.Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
8.Sunda TealAnas gibberifrons
9.Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
10.Sunda Collared-doveStreptopelia bitorquata
11.Metallic PigeonColumba vitiensis
12.Eastern Spotted DoveSpilopelia chinensis
13.Ruddy Cuckoo-doveMacropygia emiliana
14.Little Cuckoo-doveMacropygia ruficeps
15.Barred DoveGeopelia maugeus
16.Nicobar PigeonCaloenas nicobarica
17.Grey-capped Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
18.Pink-necked Green-pigeonTreron vernans
19.Flores Green-pigeonTreron floris
20.Green Imperial-pigeonDucula aenea
21.Dark-backed Imperial-pigeonDucula lacernulata
22.Black-naped Fruit-dovePtilinopus melanospilus
23.Black-backed Fruit-dovePtilinopus cinctus
24.Large-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus macrurus
25.Savanna NightjarCaprimulgus affinis
26.Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculenta
27.Edible-nest SwiftletAerodramus fuciphagus
28.Pacific SwiftApus pacificus
29.Lesser CoucalCentropus bengalensis
30.Western KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
31.Horsfield’s Bronze-cuckooChalcites basalis
32.Shining Bronze-cuckooChalcites lucidus
33.Brush CuckooCacomantis variolosus
34.Large Hawk-cuckooHierococcyx sparverioides
35.Oriental CuckooCuculus saturatus
36.Sunda CuckooCuculus lepidus
37.Red-legged CrakeRallina fasciata
38.White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
39.White-browed CrakeAmaurornis cinerea
40.WatercockGallicrex cinerea
41.Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
42.Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
43.Dusky MoorhenGallinula tenebrosa
44.Asian WoollyneckCiconia episcopus
45.Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regia
46.Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
47.Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
48.Black-crowned Night-heronNycticorax nycticorax
49.Rufous Night-heronNycticorax caledonicus
50.Green-backed HeronButorides striata
51.Javan Pond-heronArdeola speciosa
52.Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
53.Great-billed HeronArdea sumatrana
54.Purple HeronArdea purpurea
55.Great White EgretArdea alba
56.Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
57.Little EgretEgretta garzetta
58.Pacific Reef-egretEgretta sacra
59.Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatus
60.Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
61.Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
62.Red-footed BoobySula sula
63.Brown BoobySula leucogaster
64.Masked BoobySula dactylatra
65.Little Pied CormorantMicrocarbo melanoleucos
66.Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogaster
67.Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostris
68.Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
69.Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
70.Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
71.Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
72.Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
73.Javan PloverCharadrius javanicus
74.Malay PloverCharadrius peronii
75.Lesser SandploverCharadrius mongolus
76.Greater SandploverCharadrius leschenaultii
77.Greater Painted-snipeRostratula benghalensis
78.Comb-crested JacanaIrediparra gallinacea
79.WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
80.Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
81.Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
82.Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
83.Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris
84.Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
85.Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
86.Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
87.Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
88.SanderlingCalidris alba
89.Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatus
90.Pintail SnipeGallinago stenura
91.Swinhoe’s SnipeGallinago megala
92.Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
93.Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
94.Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes
95.Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
96.Common RedshankTringa totanus
97.Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
98.Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
99.Red-backed ButtonquailTurnix maculosus
100.Australian PratincoleStiltia isabella
101.Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
102.Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
103.Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
104.Little TernSternula albifrons
105.Common Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
106.Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
107.White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
108.Roseate TernSterna dougallii
109.Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
110.Common TernSterna hirundo
111.Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis
112.Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergii
113.Northern BoobookNinox japonica
114.Wallace’s Scops-owlOtus silvicola
115.Moluccan Scops-owlOtus magicus
116.OspreyPandion haliaetus
117.Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
118.Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
119.Pacific BazaAviceda subcristata
120.Short-toed Snake-eagleCircaetus gallicus
121.Flores Hawk-eagleNisaetus floris
122.Rufous-bellied EagleLophotriorchis kienerii
123.Bonelli’s EagleAquila fasciata
124.Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensis
125.Lesser Sundas GoshawkAccipiter sylvestris
126.Brown GoshawkAccipiter fasciatus
127.Japanese SparrowhawkAccipiter gularis
128.White-bellied Sea-eagleHaliaeetus leucogaster
129.Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
130.Black KiteMilvus migrans
131.Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinus
132.Rainbow Bee-eaterMerops ornatus
133.Oriental DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis
134.Oriental Dwarf-kingfisherCeyx erithaca
135.Azure KingfisherCeyx azureus
136.Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
137.Stork-billed KingfisherPelargopsis capensis
138.White-rumped KingfisherCaridonax fulgidus
139.Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
140.Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus
141.Sunda Pygmy WoodpeckerPicoides moluccensis
142.Spotted KestrelFalco moluccensis
143.Australian HobbyFalco longipennis
144.Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
145.Yellow-crested CockatooCacatua sulphurea
146.Scarlet-breasted LorikeetTrichoglossus forsteni
147.Red-cheeked ParrotGeoffroyus geoffroyi
148.Elegant PittaPitta elegans
149.Scaly-crowned HoneyeaterLichmera lombokia
150.Brown HoneyeaterLichmera indistincta
151.Helmeted FriarbirdPhilemon buceroides
152.Black-naped OrioleOriolus chinensis
153.Bare-throated WhistlerPachycephala nudigula
154.Rusty-breasted WhistlerPachycephala fulvotincta
155.Flores MinivetPericrocotus lansbergei
156.Black-faced CuckooshrikeCoracina novaehollandiae
157.Wallacean CuckooshrikeCoracina personata
158.Sumba CicadabirdEdolisoma dohertyi
159.White-shouldered TrillerLalage sueurii
160.White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucoryn
161.Brown-capped FantailRhipidura diluta
162.Wallacean DrongoDicrurus densus
163.Black-naped MonarchHypothymis azurea
164.Nusa Tenggara Paradise-flycatcherTerpsiphone floris
165.Brown ShrikeLanius cristatus
166.Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach
167.Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos
168.Grey-headed Canary-flycatcherCulicicapa ceylonensis
169.Great TitParus major
170.Horsfield’s BushlarkMirafra javanica
171.Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
172.Golden-headed CisticolaCisticola exilis
173.Australasian Reed-warblerAcrocephalus australis
174.Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
175.House SwallowHirundo javanica
176.Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
177.Yellow-vented BulbulPycnonotus goiavier
178.Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis
179.Kamchatka Leaf-warblerPhylloscopus examinandus
180.Mountain WarblerPhylloscopus trivirgatus
181.Russet-capped TesiaTesia everetti
182.Aberrant Bush-warblerHorornis flavolivaceus
183.Cream-browed White-eyeHeleia superciliaris
184.Yellow-spectacled White-eyeHeleia wallacei
185.Crested White-eyeHeleia dohertyi
186.Thick-billed White-eyeHeleia crassirostris
187.Mountain White-eyeZosterops montanus
188.Oriental White-eyeZosterops palpebrosus
189.Lemon-bellied White-eyeZosterops chloris
190.Tenggara Hill MynaGracula venerata
191.Short-tailed StarlingAplonis minor
192.Sunda ThrushZoothera andromedae
193.White’s ThrushZoothera aurea
194.Chestnut-backed ThrushGeokichla dohertyi
195.Chestnut-capped ThrushGeokichla interpres
196.Russet-backed Jungle-flycatcherCyornis oscillans
197.Lesser ShortwingBrachypteryx leucophris
198.Snowy-browed FlycatcherFicedula hyperythra
199.Little Pied FlycatcherFicedula westermanni
200.Pied BushchatSaxicola caprata
201.Golden-rumped FlowerpeckerDicaeum annae
202.Black-fronted FlowerpeckerDicaeum igniferum
203.Brown-throated SunbirdAnthreptes malacensis
204.Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularis
205.Flame-breasted SunbirdCinnyris solaris
206.Red AvadavatAmandava amandava
207.Black-faced MuniaLonchura molucca
208.Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulata
209.Five-coloured MuniaLonchura quinticolor
210.Pale-headed MuniaLonchura pallida
211.Timor Zebra FinchTaeniopygia guttata
212.Tawny-breasted ParrotfinchErythrura hyperythra
213.Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
214.Paddyfield PipitAnthus rufulus
215.Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
216.Eastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis
217.Matsudaira’s Storm-petrelHydrobates matsudairae
218.Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelas
219.Bulwer’s PetrelBulweria bulwerii